How to Inspect a Roof for Hail Damage?

Roof Inspection for Hail Damage

Spring is just around the corner! Along with the warmer weather and longer days, we can also expect an increase in rainfall, and rain’s disruptive cousin–hail. Depending on the amount and intensity of hail, our properties, such as cars or houses, can be damaged. If you do experience hail, we wanted to share a way to inspect shingles to help determine whether your property has damage.

Before Inspecting Your Roof for Hail Damage
If you are a homeowner that has recently been through a hailstorm, the following quick guide will give you a basic understanding of what to look for. Before doing so, we should start off with a few quick notes:

1. Regular Roof Inspections: If you are willing to venture onto your roof every spring, it is a good idea to do annual self-inspections of your roof to look for any changes since the previous inspection and to detect potential issues before they become serious.

2. Always Call a Qualified Roofing Inspector: If you spot a potential issue during your annual checkup or suspect any sort of wind or hail damage after a severe storm, you should always contact a qualified roofing inspector. Many roofing contractors specialize in insurance restoration and offer free inspections. A trained representative can discover hidden damage, separate hail damage from natural wear, educate you on your findings and make further recommendations on whether a repair or call to the insurance company is necessary.

3. Be Careful…

How Hail Size Will Affect Your Roof Inspection
If you were around during the hailstorm and have an idea of the size that fell, it will give you a basis for what kind of roof hail damage to expect.

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Quarter Size Hail Damage

    • Less Than 1 Inch: When smaller than an inch, or about the size of a quarter, hail can inflict damage to asphalt roofing. Most often though a hail damaged roof at this size can be more difficult to identify. You may require the assistance of a trained roofing inspector to accurately identify any hail damage.

 

    • 1 Inch – 2 Inch: If the size is between 1 and 2 inches, or between quarter and egg size, hail damage should be more easily found on the asphalt shingles themselves as well as any soft metal on the roof.

Golf Ball Sized Hail Damage

  • Greater Than 2 Inches: Any greater than 2 inches and it will almost guarantee some level of hail damage to an asphalt roof. If this is the case, contact your preferred roofing contractor for a full assessment of damages and notify the insurance company.

 

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Where To Start Looking For Hail Damage on an Asphalt Roof
When searching for the hail damage to an asphalt roof, look at the following susceptible areas first:

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Hail Damage Metal Vent

    • Soft Metal: First search for damage to any soft metal on the roof. Check roof vents, skylights, flashing, metal valleys and any other soft metal on the roof. Soft metal damage will not only show signs of hail, but also indicate the size of the hail that damaged the roof.

 

    • Ridges: The very peak of a ridge or ridge cap, will take a hail hit directly as opposed to the glancing blows on the main pitched roof slopes. Also due to their location, ridges are more susceptible to damaging hail hits regardless of the direction from which the hailstorm came.

 

  • Vinyl Materials: Vinyl doors, siding and windows are susceptible to damage.
  • Shingles: Finally look on the shingles themselves. Check not only the interior of an individual shingle, but also the edges where it is weak.
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Three Primary Types Of Hail Damage To Asphalt Shingles
There are three main signs that indicate a hail damaged roof, which include missing granules, bruising and circular cracking. With a basic understanding each, it will help you to accurately identify hail damage and its severity.

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Hail Damage on Asphalt Shingles

    • Missing Granules: Check for missing granules that have exposed the substrate, or black layer underneath them. The substrate exposed should look fresh, or not as if it has been exposed to the sun for an extended period of time. This will indicate new hail damage as opposed to anything preexisting.

 

    • Bruising: Run your hand over an individual shingle and feel for dimples or indentations in it. These are an indication of hail hits. Press your thumb against the indentation and examine for a soft spongy feel, like a bruised tomato. This bruising may be hidden, but will cause the shingle to fail prematurely over time.

Asphalt Shingles damage by Hail Damage

  • Circular Cracking: When big enough, hailstones can cause circular cracking around the hit itself in a half-moon or full circle shape. This sort of cracking indicates larger hail and a shingle that has been damaged through to the fiberglass matting, which can make it highly susceptible to water penetration.

 

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Time To Grab The Ladder
Now if you’re still feeling adventurous, you can climb up on your roof armed with an understanding of how to identify hail damage to an asphalt roof. Remember to be careful and always contact a trained professional to verify, assist and further educate in you in your findings.

NuBilt is always ready 24/7 to respond to water damage related mitigation
(roof leaks, mold remediation, property restoration, etc).
Call 303.368.4688.

Author
Bungartz, Michael, Trinity Exteriors, Inc – Minnesota Roofing Contractors. How To Identify Hail Damage To An Asphalt Roof. URL http://www.trinityexteriorsinc.com/957/how-to-identify-hail-damage-asphalt-roof

Issa Ashour, President of NuBilt Restoration & Construction, co-founded the property restoration company back in 1994. Since then, the company has successfully restored 1000's of properties. Connect with Issa on Google+.

This Post Has One Comment

  1. Ed Fronapfel

    Consider your policy requirements when doing this observation as well. Know the life of the roof and its expected characteristics. Some metal roofs may have cosmetic and fractured coating damage as well. EPDM and TPO should be cleaned after the first inspection and a more rigorous review made to ensure no damage to the single ply membranes.

    As well consider a betterment to your roof, Class 4 Shingle Protection, and Class A Fire Protection as well as high wind rating.

    Then ensure you use a quality observer to assure you that your roof meets the current state of the art for its installation. Also submit that substantial completion letter to your insurer, some discounts can occasionally apply.

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